Dreaming of the land Down Under?

A year in Australia is a tempting thought for young people from all over the world, and why shouldn’t it be? Long beaches, warm weather, good looking surfers, cute koalas and exotic kangaroos. A working holiday visa is often the solution of fulfilling these dreams.

A working holiday visa allows you to stay in Australia for up to 12 months and to work in any job for six months. Visitvictoria.com says that it is “plenty of short-term employment opportunities, especially over the summer”.

The working holiday program was established in January 1975 with the main purpose to “promote international understanding by enabling young people to experience the culture of another country. The first year saw fewer than 2,000 Working Holiday visas issued, a figure that has grown significantly to the last reported figures for 2005–06 of 113,936. Working holiday makers have a positive effect on the Australian economy(wikipedia.org). Spain is the latest country to sign a reciprocal work and holiday visa arrangement with Australia aimed at young people from both countries.

How to prepare yourself

Currently young overseas travellers can extend their one-year holiday visas to two years if they work for two 86-day stints in regional Australia.
Farmers in the Northern Territory are delighted at the latest plan to bridge the gaping shortage of farmhands and fruit pickers with a visa scheme allowing semi-skilled foreign workers to stay in Australia for longer than a two-year backpacker working-holiday visa would allow.

Before you start working, you must open a bank account and obtain a Tax File Number (TFN) from the Australian Taxation Office Visit a post office for an application form. The government suggests having at least $5,500 in your bank account and a return ticket before you leave home.

Five blogs that got good advice:

1. Caroline in the City: Bartending Down Under

2. Pack your passport: Working on a vineyard in Australia

3. The Little Backpacker: Everything you need to know about a working holiday in Australia

4. Queensland Blog: 7 thing to before your working holiday 

5. Elsewhere blog: A year abroad,a working holiday visa in Australia 

Is it hard to find a job?

The majority of hospitality and construction jobs in Australia require the completion of a course prior to commencing work, however most courses are relatively short and inexpensive.

But; there are divided opinions on how hard it is to find short-term work in Australia:

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Being a citizen journalist

What is citizen journalism?

That is Jay Rosen, Professor of Journalism at NYU, definition of “citizen journalism”.

I am not sure if I totally agree with Mr. Rosen. I think not every person who posts videos, pictures or other updates online are aware of their audience. Journalism is reporting facts, and people of all kinds do this all the time today, even if most of it might not been as “journalism” and is not very newsworthy. I think citizen journalism is when citizens post something a journalist could have done, aware or not. The post the citizen posts could be meant for an all different purpose, maybe even the wrong purpose, and still be newsworthy to a lot of people.

The citizens are normally the audience of news, now this has changed. People are taking their smartphones everywhere, a lot of people are even taking with them cameras everywhere they go. This makes it incredibly easy for anyone to capture pictures or videos if they find themselves at a scene of something worth sharing. The sharing part is even easier. This makes it of course hard to be a journalist. The journalists can’t be everywhere, but people always are, and with them are their phones and cameras. In my last post I wrote about why this could be a problem for journalism…

 

Keep up with the citizens

What role do you envisage for UGS (user genrated stories) in a media eco sphere predominantly fuelled by social media?

Social media is a way of sharing content with others, if it is a picture of your breakfast, words about loved ones or…. a film caputered of a bank robbing. Especially Twitter and YouTube makes it easy to share with the rest of the world. Just use the hashtag ”Obama” and lots of people will probably see it.

If you are so lucky to get an exclusive film of a crime scene, newspapers are willing to pay a lot of money to get it. But what if you don’t want to sell that movie, just have it on your own YouTube account? Then you will be a news source for a lot of poeple, maybe more visited than any newspaper writing about the same robbery.

Kate Bulkley wrote this in an article on theguardian.com in 2012 on theguardian.com: ”It’s hard to judge the value of amateur eyewitness film shot on a mobile phone and posted on the Internet.”

It might be hard for citizens to know the ethics that should be while posting a video online. That is maybe why it is still important for media outlets to work even harder to get what the readers now wants and expects to find. The sources to news might be less important than ever, but content and availbility still is.

In the same article by Bulkley, Molly Dineen explains to Bulkley that citizen journalism should add to what traditional documentary makers are doing, not take away.”

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PHOTO: http://www.brandwatch.com/2013/09/what-is-citizen-journalism-and-how-does-it-influence-news/

The times they are a-changin’

What’s happening to the old models of journalism?

Torry Pedersen, the CEO of Norway’s most read newspaper, VG, describes online news coverage (Quinn, 2009) as being like a “bubbling brook” while print coverage was like “bottled water”. Both he says, “contain water”. They are two different formats of great journalism, which suggests perhaps there is a need for different platforms with different formats and content and maybe the old models of journalism may still have a place in the new world?

According to Quinn (2009), journalism will thrive when media companies free themselves from print. This allows for a heavy reliance on online resources, allowing for the old model of journalism being print journalism, to be diminished as numbers demonstrate higher success with journalism, which is imperative in order for it to continue.

News can be reached to anyone at any time. Individuals are often seeking new, breaking stories and rapidly.  As Quinn (2009:71) states, “The Internet allows people to seek information from thousands of blogs, aggregators, and social networks” This means that people don’t tend to wait to get home to watch the news. The decrease in this means that if a journalist were not up to date with modern technologies and the use of the internet for news, they are in no way prepared to be successful in journalism.

There’s no “out with the old and in with the new” in journalism, it is just a craft that accepts it must evolve with the times to survive. Stephen Quinn (2009) writes: ”Within two decades news wi will primarily be delivered via wireless devices and online. Print will be a niche product.”

Journalists must adapt in social media, as the readers have already done that”. Torry Pedersen says that in Noway well-known reporters have effectly become a brand.”

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Torry Pedersen, the CEO of Norway’s most read newspaper, VG. (PHOTO: http://www.dn.no/etterBors/2014/08/26/2159/Medier/vil-ikke-at-nrk-skal-vre-nettavis)

Everyone’s business?

How are the various ideals of journalism impacted by the business of journalism?

William Woo (2007), director of the graduate program in Journalism at Stanford University, suggests: “At its core, the functional definition of journalism is much like the functional definition of a duck. If it looks like journalism, acts like journalism, and produces the work of journalism, then it’s journalism, and the people doing it are journalists. Whoever they are.”

To be a journalist you don’t need to have the right education or verification. Actually, a few years ago it was very common that journalists didn’t have any education at all. Today – most people that want to work in the media industry get that education.
I don’t think nothing has really changed…

Journalism is still fundamentally the same; To report a fair and accurate account of the events happening around our community and around the world. Media College (Wavelength Media, 2014) suggests that the following five points make a story newsworthy:

  1. The story’s timing
  2. Significance
  3. Proximity
  4. Prominence
  5. Human interest.

This means, everyone with Internet access and the right device can report like journalists. Just imagine being in the mountains when an avalanche arises. You pick up you smartphone to capture it all. When you get home you post a video to Twitter.
– Is this journalism?

Jay Rosen, professor of journalism at NYU, said at the 2012 Melbourne Writers Festival: “Journalism is anything that expands your horizon.”
If that is what journalism is about, I know a lot of people that are not referencing to themselves as journalists, but still are expanding my horizon everyday (..looking through my Instagram feed for instance).

It’s not hard to understand why working as a journalist has become more stressful than ever.

a-blogging-cartoon

(Picture found at goodnewsaday.wordpress.com)

Multimedia journalism = bad journalism?

How does convergence impact journalism?

Which newsaper is the first one to break the news? Who has the most interesting story? Who has the most powerfull picture? And did anyone get it on film?

Journalism is no longer just journalism. A journlist needs more qualities than just a ”sharp pen”. The readers expect more – and that more has to be found on the readers’ smartphone and laptop. This fact makes the days at any newspapers’s office more stressfull than ever. Yesterdays news ar are no longer the only ones laying in the garbage, the last hours news are too. Former editor of ”Ekstra Bladet”, Geir Ruud, said this in 2012: ”What has changed is that we don’t own the news on our own anymore, now we are sharing it with the audience, asking them for it”. He believes that working in convergent news is about changing the news culture to provide a more dynamic and responsive news. (Ivo Bruum, 2013)

Skjermbilde 2014-07-30 kl. 16.11.37(Screen shot, Ekstra Bladet 30.07.14)

For me, it seems like many online newspapers are more interested in getting the most ”clicks” (a good headline is everything) than actually create good journalism, especially in the sports and entertainment sectors (everything seems like a sensation today …doesn’t it?). Producing news is getting more expensive, and there are the ads and clicks that make the income. This pressure can lead to mistakes, on such as ethics, research or as simple as the grammar.

On the other hand; No doubt that the right use of multimedia can turn into sensational  storytelling.
That is what I think journalism is all about.

mostviewd heraldsun (Screen shot, The Herald Sun 30.07.14)

Meeting the expectations of availability

– How common or widespread is the use of multimedia journalism in the media?

Your hand stumbles through the dark and hits “snooze”. Eventually, 30 minutes later you are sitting by the breakfast table catching up on the latest news. Actually you are catching up on all the newspapers’ headlines at the same time. No, you don’t have ten newspapers in front of you – you are using the same little device that also is your alarm clock. Scrolling down your Twitter feed you know exactly what have been happening around the world during the hours you where asleep. Up comes a headline that interests you – you decide to click on it. What you now see is text, videos and several photos. You start to read, but after reading a few lines you jump down to a video and hit “play”

. Skjermbilde 2014-07-21 kl. 17.05.52
(Screen shot via Twitter)

I want it all, I want it now
Today every news medium has a website:
The Age
The Herald Sun
ABC
(And so on…)

And that is an absolute necessarity to keep up with the readers’ expectations. News is not published once a day, but all day (and night). A newspaper is no longer just text and pictures you find in your mailbox every morning, but text, photos, vidoes, links and even the opportunity to add your own feedback. The “old” newspaper is loosing its readers, and the journalists are loosing their jobs because of it. At the same time the readers’ expectations for constant available news just seem to increase – and today’s newspapers know this. Therefore, the art of journalism is changing. As professor in journalism, media and communication, Brian McNiar, writes: “Newspapers are dying, but long live the news”.

(Video: Digital newsreport 2014, by Reuters Institute)