Everyone’s business?

How are the various ideals of journalism impacted by the business of journalism?

William Woo (2007), director of the graduate program in Journalism at Stanford University, suggests: “At its core, the functional definition of journalism is much like the functional definition of a duck. If it looks like journalism, acts like journalism, and produces the work of journalism, then it’s journalism, and the people doing it are journalists. Whoever they are.”

To be a journalist you don’t need to have the right education or verification. Actually, a few years ago it was very common that journalists didn’t have any education at all. Today – most people that want to work in the media industry get that education.
I don’t think nothing has really changed…

Journalism is still fundamentally the same; To report a fair and accurate account of the events happening around our community and around the world. Media College (Wavelength Media, 2014) suggests that the following five points make a story newsworthy:

  1. The story’s timing
  2. Significance
  3. Proximity
  4. Prominence
  5. Human interest.

This means, everyone with Internet access and the right device can report like journalists. Just imagine being in the mountains when an avalanche arises. You pick up you smartphone to capture it all. When you get home you post a video to Twitter.
– Is this journalism?

Jay Rosen, professor of journalism at NYU, said at the 2012 Melbourne Writers Festival: “Journalism is anything that expands your horizon.”
If that is what journalism is about, I know a lot of people that are not referencing to themselves as journalists, but still are expanding my horizon everyday (..looking through my Instagram feed for instance).

It’s not hard to understand why working as a journalist has become more stressful than ever.

a-blogging-cartoon

(Picture found at goodnewsaday.wordpress.com)

Meeting the expectations of availability

– How common or widespread is the use of multimedia journalism in the media?

Your hand stumbles through the dark and hits “snooze”. Eventually, 30 minutes later you are sitting by the breakfast table catching up on the latest news. Actually you are catching up on all the newspapers’ headlines at the same time. No, you don’t have ten newspapers in front of you – you are using the same little device that also is your alarm clock. Scrolling down your Twitter feed you know exactly what have been happening around the world during the hours you where asleep. Up comes a headline that interests you – you decide to click on it. What you now see is text, videos and several photos. You start to read, but after reading a few lines you jump down to a video and hit “play”

. Skjermbilde 2014-07-21 kl. 17.05.52
(Screen shot via Twitter)

I want it all, I want it now
Today every news medium has a website:
The Age
The Herald Sun
ABC
(And so on…)

And that is an absolute necessarity to keep up with the readers’ expectations. News is not published once a day, but all day (and night). A newspaper is no longer just text and pictures you find in your mailbox every morning, but text, photos, vidoes, links and even the opportunity to add your own feedback. The “old” newspaper is loosing its readers, and the journalists are loosing their jobs because of it. At the same time the readers’ expectations for constant available news just seem to increase – and today’s newspapers know this. Therefore, the art of journalism is changing. As professor in journalism, media and communication, Brian McNiar, writes: “Newspapers are dying, but long live the news”.

(Video: Digital newsreport 2014, by Reuters Institute)